In addition to the challenge of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, there is an increasing need to prepare and adapt for the changes in climate and weather that are already locked in.
HELIX is assessing climate change impacts and adaptation at global warming of 1.5, 2, 4 and 6°C. We are examining land and coastal impacts and their implications for food, water security, energy security, flooding, infrastructure, ecosystems, health, and human migration. Our results are supported by an assessment of confidence and uncertainty. We are projecting future changes at the global scale and also looking in more details in three regions: Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa in the Northern Hemisphere, and the north-East Indian sub-continent.
HELIX has two sister projects also funded by the EU to look at high-end scenarios of climate change. RISES-AM http://www.risesam.eu/, completed in 2016, looked at local case-studies of sea-level rise and coastal impacts and adaptation. IMPRESSIONS http://www.impressions-project.eu/ provides further assessment of scenarios of global warming above 2°C including local case studies, with a focus on integrated solutions for adaptation and mitigation.